Flashcards for Miss DiVito’s 7th grade end of the year review

Term Definition
Amoebae Single-celled life-form characterized by an irregular shape and move using pseudopodia, or temporary projections of eukaryotes.
Autotrophs Organisms that make their own food.
Cillium "hair-like" structures that outer membrane of some cells specialized for locomotion or movement.
Cytoplasm A gel-like substance residing between the cell membrane holding all the cell's organelles, except for the nucleus.
Cytoplasmic Streaming The directed flow of cytosol or the liquid component of the cytoplasm around plant cells.
Euglena a protist that can both eat food as animals by heterotrophy; and can photosynthesize, like plants, by autotrophy.
Eukaryotes Cellular organisms that contain nuclei.
Flagellum A "tail-like" structure attached to the outer membrane of some cells specialized for locomotion or movement.
Heterotroph Organisms that cannot make their own food.
Multicellular Organisms that are composed of many cells.
Paramecium A group of unicellular protozoa, which are commonly studied as a representative of the ciliate group, or cilia movement
Phagocytosis The cellular process of engulfing solid particles by reshaping the cell membrane.
Prokaryotes Cellular organisms that lack a nucleus
Protists Eukaryotes that cannot be classified as animals, plants, or fungi.
Protozoa A diverse group of single-cell eukaryotic organisms, many of which are motile
Unicellular Single celled organisms
Volvox A type of green algae and form spherical colonies of up to 50,000 cells who live in a variety of freshwater habitats
Active Transport Use energy to "carry" substances into a cell
Cell Basic unit of structure and function in living things. It is the basic building block of life
Cell Membrane Found in plant and animal cells
A double lipid layer that has proteins embedded in it.
Cell Wall It gives protection and support
It is found in plant, not animal, cells.
Chloroplast Found in plant cells only