Term Definition
genes factors that control traits
genetics the study of heredity
heredity the passing of physical traits from parents to offspring
trait a genetically determined characteristic
dominant_allele allele that always shows up even if a different allele is also present
recessive_allele the allele that is hidden when a dominant allele is present
heterozygous an organism that has two different alleles for a trait
homozygous an organism that has two identical alleles for a trait
genotype letters representing a combination of alleles in an organism
phenotype physical expression of a trait
alleles different forms of a gene
Punnett_square diagram that includes all of the possible chart used to predict possible combinations of alleles that might result from cross breeding
probability the likelihood that a certain even will occur
physical_traits curly hair, ability to roll tongue, dimples and attached earlobes are examples of ________.
chromosome theory genes are carried from parents to offspring on chromosomes
hybrid synonym for heterozygous
purebred synonym for homozygous
GMO stands for genetically modified organism
hybridization selective breeding that crossbreeds to genetically different organisms
sex-linked_genes genes passed down on X(female) and Y(male) chromosomes, such as hemophelia.