Joe Sci 7 Plants

Question Answer
angiosperms type of vascular flowering plant
bryophytes group of plants that do not have transport tubes
conifers trees with cones and needle like leaves
cotyledon leaflike structure inside a seed that contains food for developing plant
cycads a type of gymnosperm (woody land plant) that grow in tropical areas and look like palm trees)
deciduous trees a type of tree
dicot flowering plant with two cotyledons or seed leaves in its seeds
embryo undeveloped plant
ferns oldest group of traecheophytes, they have tubes to carry water and are spore plants.
ginkos a gymnosperm (land plant with uncovered seeds that has fan shaped leaves)
gymnosperms type of land plant that has uncovered seeds
monocot flowering plant with one cotyledon or seed leaf in its seeds
parts of a seed seed coat, endosperm, embryo, and cotyledon
rhizomes horizontal underground stem
seed coat outer covering of seed that protects embryo
seeds structure that contains a tiny living plant and food for its growth; a reproductive cell
tracheophytes group of plants that have transport tubes
anther part of the stamen that produces pollen
flower the organ of reselection
fruit mature ovary and its seeds
ovary the bottom part of the pistil that reproduce seeds
ovule part of the ovule that develops into a seed after fertilization
parts of a flower sepal, petal, stamen, pistil
phloem tissue that carries food from the leads to other parts of a plant
pistil female reproductive organ in FLOWER
sepals special kind of leaf that protects the flower bud
stamen male reproductive organ in a flower
true roots, leaves and stems These are the vegetable parts of plants
vegetable parts of plant the leaves, stems and roots are the vegetable part of plant
xylem tissue that carries water up from the roots.
photosynthesis food-making process in plants
epidermis outer layer of leaf
mesophyll middle layer of leaf
bulb underground stem with fleshy leaves
stomata tiny openings in a leaf's surface
petal colorful leaf of flower
vein tube that contains xylem and phloem
pollination process by which pollen moves from a stamen to a pistil
stigma top part of pistil
stimulus anything that causes a response
chlorophyll green pigment used by plants to make food
fertilization joining of male and female sex cells
hilum mark on a seed coat where the seed was attached
tropism plant response to stimulus
three types of bryophytes mosses, liverworts, hornworts
three types of tracheophyts ferns, gymnosperms (, conifer (pine trees)
parts of fern leaflet, frond, rhizome, roots, fiddlehead
taproot one large root and many small, thin roots
fibrous root root system made up of many thin, branched roots
oxygen a byproduct of photosynthesis – plants give it off
filament stalk of an anther
vegatative propogation a type of asexual reproduction where new plants are grown from roots and stems
genetically identical new plants grown with vegatative propogation
stimulus for plants (3) light water gravity
thigmortropism plant response to touch (grows around it)
phototropism plant response to light (grows toward it)
hydrotropism plant response to water (grows toward it)
gravitropism plant response to gravity (grows down)