Health Science

Term Definition
q every
a before
p after
c with
s without
hx history
fx fracture
tx treatment
dx diagnosis
rx prescription, take, treatment
TPR temperature, pulse, respiration
BP blood pressure
OOB out of bed
BR c BRP bed rest with bathroom privileges
qod every other day
dys difficult, painful, bad
uria urine
leuko white
cyte cell
oma tumor, swelling


Term Definition
Biomass The total quantity or weight of organisms in a given area or volume
Consumption The using up of a resource
Energy The strength and vitality required for sustained physical or mental activity
Fuel Cell a device that produces electricity by combining a fuel, usually hydrogen, with oxygen (example.electric car)
Geothermal Of, relating to, or produced by the internal heat of the earth
Nuclear Of or relating to the nucleus of an atom
Pollution The presence in or introduction into the environment of a substance or thing that has harmful or poisonous effects
Solar Of, relating to, or determined by the sun
Renewable energy natural energy that can be used again and again and will never run out
Non-renewable energy natural energy that can not be used again and can eventually run out.
Hydro-power energy that comes from the force of moving water
Wind power energy that comes from the force of wind turning turbines

definition of energy

Term Definition
Energy ability to cause change.
kinetic energy is the energy an object has due to its motion.

potential energy is the energy stored in an object because of its position.
Thermal Energy the sum of kinetic and potential energy of the particles in a material increases as the object's temperature increases.
chemical energy energy stored in chemical bonds.
radiant energy energy carried by an electrical current.
electrical energy energy made available by the flow of electric charge through a conductor.
nuclear energy energy contained in an atomic nuclei.

Cell 2

Term Definition
prokaryotes one-celled organisms that do not have organelles with membranes to separate them (ex. bacteria)
eukaryotes organisms with cells that have organelles with membranes (ex. animals, plants, fungus, protists)
cellular respiration the process of oxygen and food (sugars) combining to release energy
energy made during cellular respiration ATP
reactants during cellular respiration glucose (sugar) and oxygen
products during cellular respiration carbon dioxide, water, and energy (ATP)
photosynthesis the process of plants making food from carbon dioxide, sunlight, and water, to be used for energy
photosynthesis only occurs in… plants
collects the sunlight green pigment called chlorophyll
photosynthesis reactants carbon dioxide, water, and energy (sunlight)
photosynthesis products glucose and oxygen
makes proteins ribosomes
proteins are made out of… amino acids
proteins are used by the body to… build and repair cells
enzymes proteins used to carry out chemical reactions in the body (ex. digesting food)
diffusion when molecules (such as oxygen or liquids) move from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration
osmosis the diffusion of water into and out of the cell
membrane surrounds something
organelles "tiny organs" that carry out jobs

Principles of Biomed

Term Definition
Anemia A condition in which the blood is deficient in red blood cells, hemoglobin, or in total volume.
Blood Plasma The pale yellow fluid portion of whole blood that consists of water and its dissolved constituents including, sugars, lipids, metabolic waste products, amino acids, hormones, and vitamins.
Erythrocytes:Red Blood Cells Any of the hemoglobin-containing cells that carry oxygen to the tissues and are responsible for the red color of vertebrate blood.
Hematocrit The percent of the volume of whole blood that is composed of red blood cells. Determined by separating the red blood cells from the plasma.
Leukocytes:White Blood Cells Any of the blood cells that are colorless, lack hemoglobin and contain a nucleus. Leukocytes include the lymphocytes, monocytes, neutrophils, eosinophils, and basophils. Fight infections
Sickle Cell Disease Individuals who are homozygous for the gene controlling hemoglobin S. The disease is characterized by the destruction of red blood cells and by episodic blocking of blood vessels by the adherence of sickle cells to the vascular endothelium.
Thrombocytes:Platelets A minute colorless anucleate(lacking a nucleus) disk-like body of mammalian blood that assists in blood clotting by adhering to other platelets and to damaged epithelium.
Allele one of two or more alternative forms of a gene that arise by mutation and are found at the same place on a chromosome that control the same trait.
Autosome any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome.
Dominant Trait An inherited trait that results from the expression of the dominant allele over the recessive allele. a trait that will appear in the offspring if one of the parents contributes it.
Gene a unit of heredity that is transferred from a parent to offspring and is held to determine some characteristic of the offspring.
Genetic Material Those materials found in the nucleus, mitochondria and cytoplasm, which play a fundamental role in determining the structure and nature of cell substances, and capable of self-propagating and variation.
Genotype The genetic makeup, as distinguished from the physical appearance, of an organism or a group of organisms.
Heredity the passing on of physical or mental characteristics genetically from one generation to another.
Homologous Chromosomes A pair of chromosomes having the same gene sequences, each derived from one parent.
Karyotype The characterization of the chromosome complement of a species (such as the shape, type, number, etc. of chromosomes).
Meiosis a type of cell division that results in four daughter cells each with half the number of chromosomes of the parent cell, as in the production of gametes and plant spores.
Mitosis a type of cell division that results in two daughter cells each having the same number and kind of chromosomes as the parent nucleus, typical of ordinary tissue growth.
Mutation A permanent, heritable change in the nucleotide sequence in a gene or a chromosome; the process in which such a change occurs in a gene or in a chromosome.
Pedigree A diagram showing the lineage or genealogy of an individual and all the direct ancestors, usually to analyze or follow the inheritance of trait.
Phenotype The expression of a particular trait, for example, skin color, height, behavior, etc., according to the individual’s genetic makeup and environment.
Recessive Trait An inherited trait that is outwardly obvious only when two copies of the gene for that trait are present—as opposed to a dominant trait where one copy of the gene for the dominant trait is sufficient to display the trait.
Sex Chromosome Either of a pair of chromosomes, usually designated X or Y, that combine to determine the sex and sex-linked characteristics of an individual, with XX resulting in a female and XY in a male.
Punnet Square A tool that helps to show all possible allelic combinations of gametes in a cross of parents with known genotypes in order to predict the probability of their offspring possessing certain sets of alleles.

Adaptations Vocabulary

Term Definition
Short-term Environmental Change Occurs as a result of a catastrophic event or other environmental change
Natural Selection The process where organisms with the best suited traits survive and reproduce and pass their successful traits to their offspring
Adaptation a physical structure, behavior, or skill that provides an organism a better chance at surviving and reproducing
Selective Breeding process of breeding plants and animals for particular genetic traits
Long Term Environmental Change Occurs as a result of a change that happens over centuries or millions of years
Behavioral Adaptations behaviors which allow organism to survive and reproduce
Sexual reproduction requires two parents genetic material to reproduce
Asexual reproduction requires one parent and can reproduce a lot of offspring in a short amount of time
Structural Adaptation physical features of an organism that allow them to survive in an area successfully
Mimicry Imitating other objects around it
Courtship the period during which a couple develop a romantic relationship

7th grade adaptation vocabulary Quiz

Question Answer
Adaptation an organism that is maintained and evolved by means of natural selection
short-term environmental chage an organism that is maintained and evolved by means of natural selection
long-term environmental change an organism that is maintained and evolved by means of natural selection
natural selection is the gradual process by which biological traits become either more or less common in a population as a function of the effect of inherited traits
behavioral adaptation is characterized as being how an animals acts and behaves in order to stay alive due to its climate
structural adaptation are physical features of an organism such as their shape, body, or any other structure in relation to the body
mimicry is the similarity of one species to another which protects one or both
courtship is the period in a couple's relationship which precedes their engagement and marriage,
asexual reproduction is a mode of reproduction by which offspring arise from a single parent, and inherit the genes of that parent only
sexual reproduction is a process that creates a new organism by combining the genetic material of two organisms
selective breeding is the process by which humans breed other animals and plants for particular traits
heterotroph an organism that cannot fix carbon and uses organic carbon for growth
autotroph an organism that produces complex organic compounds
cell parts
primary succession the process of invasion of a new landscape not previously occupied by plants.
secondary succession process started by an event

Med Term_Ch2

Term Definition
aden/o Gland
adip/o Fat
caud/o Lower part of body, tail
cephal/o Head
col/o Glue
cyt/o Cell
coron/o Coronary. crown
hepat/o Liver
hist/o Tissue
hyster/o Uterus
lapar/o Abdomen, abdominal wall
nephr/o Kidney
oste/o Bone
path/o Disease, suffering, feeling, emotion
retr/o Behind, backward, back of

Med Term_Ch 2

Term Definition
aden/o gland
adip/o fat
caud/o lower part of the body, tail
cephal/o head
col/o colon, large intestine
coron/o coronary, crown
cyt/o cell
hepat/o liver
hist/o tissue
hyster/o uterus
lapar/o abdomen, abdominal wall
nephr/o kidney
oste/o bone
path/o disease, suffering, feeling, emotion
retr/o behind, backward, back of