review for digestion respiratory test

Question Answer
vital capacity total amount of exchangable air
tidal volume amount of air in a normal breath
hypoxia low oxygen values
blood pH 7.4
C shaped rings aid in swallowing and keep trachea from collapsing
phrenic nerve major nerve stimulating the diaphram
tidal volume a normal breath 500 ml
carbon monoxide colorless odorless gas that has a higher affinity for red blood cells than does oxygen
dead space volume does not contribute to gas exchange
gallbladder stores and concentrates bile
mouth where food enters the body. where carbohydrate digestion begins.
stomach where protein digestion begins and alcohol enters the blood stream.
pancreas accessory digestive organ, produces pancreatic juice to aid in fat digestion.
lipase enzymes used to digest fats
vitamin A vitamin associated with eyesite
chyme soupy mixture of food in the stomach
gallstones caused by prolong storage of bile in the gall bladder
glucose blood sugar, brain, nerve and blood cells suffer the most if glucose levels drop drastically
vili structures in the small intestine that increase the surface area of the small intestine`
mesentary structure that suspends the intestines from the abdominal wall
fats significantly delays stomach emptying, digestion doesn't begin until the small intestine.