section 3-4

Term Definition
phases the different shapes of the moon seen from Earth
ecilpse when an object in space cast it shadow on another object
solar ecilpse when a new moon blocks Earth's view of the sun
umbra the darkest, cone shaped part of the moon's shawdow
penumbra the larger part of the shadow
lunar ecilpse occurs at full moon when Earth is directly between the Earth and the sun
tide the rise and fall of ocean water caused by the moon gravity
spring tide the difference of consecutive low and high tides
neap tide a tide with the least difference between consecutive low and high tides
telescope a device used to build to observe distant objects by making them appear closer
maria dark, flat surfaces on the moon’s surface
craters large round pits
meteorides chunks of rocks or dust from space