Term Definition
socialisation process by which people develop a sense of self and learn the ways of the society the live in
internalisation the process in which people take as their own and accept as binding the norms, values, beliefs and language that their socialisers are attempting to pass on
nature human genetic make up
nurture social environment or interaction experiences that make up every individual's life
collective memory the experiences shared and recalled by significant members of people. such memories are revived, preserved, shared, passed on, and recast in many forms like stories, rituals, holidays and monuments
Role-taking imagining ourselves in the role of others in order to determine the criteria others will use to judge our behaviour
gesture any action that requires people to interpret its meaning before responding
mass media formns of communication designed to reach large audiences without face to face contact
resocialisation the process of changing behaviours and ways of thinking thinking, and replacing them with new ones
total institutions institutions in which people surrender control of their lives (voluntarily or not) to an administrative staff and carry out daily activities with others required to do the same
in-group a group to which a person belongs,identifies, admires and feels loyalty
out-group a group to which a person does not belong
agents of socialisation significant others, primary groups, in-groups and out-groups and institutions that 1.shape our sense of self or social identity,2. teach us about groups to which we do and do not belong us realise our human capacities 4. and help us negotiate the s
group 2 or more people who share a distinct identity, feel a sense of belonging and interact directly or indirectly with one another
primary group a social group that has face-to-face contact and strong emotional ties among its members
me the social sel-the part of self that is the product of intereaction with others and has internalised the rules and expectatiopns of others
i the active and creative part of self that questions the expectations and rules of others
looking glass-self the process of learning to view ourselves as we think others view us
significant symbol gestures that contain the same meaning to the person transmiting them and recieving them
games structured, organised activities that usually involve more than one person and a numbet of constraints,
generalised other a system of expected behaviours, meanings and viewpoints that transcend those of the people participating
play a voluntary and ofen spontaneous activity with few or no formal rules that is no subject to constraints of time or place
Significant other people or characters who are important in an individual's life in that they greatly influence that person's self evaluation and motivate him or her to behave in a particular manner