States of Matter

Term Definition
States of Matter liquid, gas, solid, are the different kinds
Gas no fixed volume or shape
Liquid a distinct volume independent of its container but has no specific shape
Solid a definite shape and volume
Solutions groups of molecules that are mixed up in a completely even distribution
Compound substances composed of two or more elements
Pure Substance matter that has distinct properties and a composition that doesn't vary from sample to sample
Elements cannot be decomposed into simpler substances (building block)
Mixture combinations of two or more substances in which each substance retains its own chemical identity
Homogenous mixture solutions are also mixtures, but all of the molecules are evenly distributed
Alloys mixture of two or more metals
Emulsions mixture of oils and waters
Solute the substance to be dissolved
Solvent the one doing the dissolving
Solubility the amount of solute that can be dissolved by the solvent
Colloids solutions with much bigger particles, usually foggy or milky when looked at
Molecule general term used to describe atoms connected by chemical bonds, every combination of atoms is a molecule
Covalent compounds happen when the atoms share the electrons
Ionic compounds happen when electrons are donated from one atom to another
Electrons negatively charged particles of the atom
Matter anything that has mass and takes up space
Physical forces create the changes (alone cannot break down compounds)
Chemical Forces bonds are built and broken down
Heterogeneous mixtures in which the two or more substances that form the mixture are not evenly distributed
Suspensions heterogeneous fluid mixtures containing solid particles large enough for sedimentation