Vocabulary from Unit 1 in Environmental Science.

Question Answer
Environmental Science The study of how humans effect the environment and how the environment affects humans.
Per Capita Average per person.
Coastal Marine Most of the food grows in shallow water.
~ Dying off due to human pollution.
~ Dilution if the Solution to Pollution.
Fresh Water Used on everyday human life.
Agriculture Lands Being abused and over-used.
Grasslands High production.
Forest Getting cut down for lumber.
Montreal Protocol 1987 No CFCs (used to propel things in cans).
~ CFCs damage ozone, O3.
~ Ozone protects from UV rays.
Kyoto Protocol 1997 CO2 (carbon dioxide) – Greenhouse gas.
~ Greenhouse gasses keep heat on planet, too much = global warming.
~ H2O is most important greenhouse gas.
~ CO2 is anthropogenic (human made).
~ Burn fossil fuels makes CO2.
Copenhagen CO2 = anthropogenic.
Monoculture When you have one type of plant in an area.
Biodiversity Is stability.
NIMBY Not In My Backyard.
Science Using the scientific method; peer-reviewed; data; bias.
Pseudoscience Fake science.
Lake/Pond Standing fresh water.
River/Stream/Creek Moving fresh water.
Inland Wetlands Swamp = Trees
Marsh = No Trees
Bog = Sphagnum/Peat Moss
Estuaries Salt and fresh water meet.
Coastal Ocean Shallow
Open Ocean Deep
Desert <10 inches rpy (rain per year)
Grassland/Prairie 10-60 inches rpy; seasonal; short or tall
Temperate Forest 40 inches rpy; deciduous trees; hardwood.
Coniferous Forest 40 inches rpy; conifers (spruce, fir, hemlock); softwood.
Rainforest >90 inches rpy -> 600+ rpy
~ Tropical
~ Tundra
Tundra Permafrost; alpine (mountains); arctic (poles).
Savannah Minor biome; not seasonal; wet & dry.
Producers Sun -> Food (organic)
~ H2O & CO2 -> Sugar = C6H12O6
Autotrophs Self Feeders
~ Inorganic -> Organic
Consumers Heterotrophs
~ Organic -> Organic
Primary Consumers 1st Degree; herbivores.
Secondary Consumers 2nd Degree; carnivores.
Predators Kills it's prey.
Scavenger Eats the dead.
Parasite Feeds but doesn't kill.
Detrivore Eat detritus (dead plants).
Decomposer Organic -> Inorganic
Tropic Levels How energy is measured.
Biomass Dry weight; weight per year.
Habit Place where an organism lives; define using vegetation.
Niche How an organism lives and dies; based on the resources needed; any factor, biotic or abiotic, that's used.
Liebic's Law of the Minimum Focused on minimum
Law of Limiting Factor The thing that holds the population back the most; every time you fix a limiting factor the next worst thing becomes the factor.
Charismatic Megafauna Big, pretty animals; get the attention.
Charismatic Megaflora Big, pretty plants.
Kinetic Energy Energy in motion.
Potential Energy Energy that is stored.
Ecotone The boundary between ecosystems/communities/association.
Theory Hypothesis that has been tested many times under different conditions and never shown to be wrong.
Community All living species in a given area.
Population All of one species in a given area.
Cohesion Water molecules being attracted to other water molecules.
Adhesion Water molecules being attracted to other molecules.
Atmosphere Air
Hydrosphere Water
Lithosphere Earth
Biosphere Atmosphere, hydrosphere, and lithosphere.